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String Family

So why is it called a string instrument? The bodies of the string instruments, which are hollowed inside to allow the sound to vibrate in the body, but the part that makes the sound is the strings, which are made of nylon, steel or sometimes gut. The strings are played most often by drawing a bow across them. The handle of the bow is made of wood and the strings of the bow are horsehair from horses' tails Sometimes the musicians will use their fingers to pluck the strings, and occasionally they will turn the bow upside down and play the strings with the wooden handle.

The strings are the largest family of instruments in the orchestra and they come in four sizes: the violin, which is the smallest, viola, cello, and the biggest, the double bass, sometimes called the contrabass.

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Violin

1. Sometimes known as a fiddle.
2. Most violins have a hollow wooden body.
3. It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the family in regular use.

Viola

1. It is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.
2. It is slightly larger than a violin and has a lower and deeper sound.
3. Since the 18th century, it has been the middle or alto voice of the violin family.

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Cello

1. It is a bowed (and occasionally plucked) string instrument of the violin family.
2. Its four strings are usually tuned in perfect fifths: from low to high, C2, G2, D3 and A3, an octave lower than the viola.
3. Music for the cello is generally written in the bass clef, with tenor clef and treble clef used for higher-range passages.

Double Bass

1. It is simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
2. It is a standard member of the orchestra's string section,as well as the concert band, and is featured in concertos, solo, and chamber music in Western classical music.
3. The bass is used in a range of other genres, such as jazz

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